View of Hornby Vellard From Cumballa Hill Bombay, 1890 Photo
An 1890 photo of the view of the Hornby Vellard from Cumballa Hill in Bombay (Mumbai). The view looks towards Worli and the Hornby Vellard from Cumballa Hill. The foreground with a dwelling is the Breach Candy area. The partly forested Worli hillock is seen at a distance, a causeway leads from the Breach Candy to Worli.
Bombay was originally a group of seven islands. Some of the islands would get submerged during high tide and the monsoon. The places where the sea rushed in to flood the land were generally referred to as breaches. Out of the seven, only four islands would be on higher ground from the sea.
The major breaches were between Sion and Dharavi, Dharavi and Mahim, Mahim and Worli. The biggest of them all called the “Great Breach” was between Malabar Hill and Worli. All the breaches were closed by 1712. What was left was the damming of the Great Breach. It was a problematic point since the waters of the Great Breach was at least 60 feet deep.
It took a while to close this water entry point. The then Governor of Bombay, William Hornby, successfully oversaw the work of closing the Great Breach in the 1780s. Although it took a tremendous amount of effort to dam the opening. A vellard (embankment) was created across the breach after several attempts. It was named Hornby Vellard in honor of the governor’s immense help and foresight. To travel across a causeway was built above the Hornby Vellard, see photo. Once the breached points were closed, unifying the seven islands took place by reclamation which was completed around the 1830s-50s.
Did you know – that the causeway leads to Warden Road on the left and Tardeo Road on the right.
Past posts – M. Suriyamoorthy Charcoal Drawing 1964 (#19).