North View Of Tipu Sultan’s Bangalore Fort, 1794 Print

North View Of Tipu Sultan's Bangalore Fort, 1794 Print

North View Of Tipu Sultan's Bangalore Fort, 1794 Print

A 1794 print of the north view of Tipu Sultan’s Bangalore Fort. The caption reads “North View Of Bangalore From The Pettah, Showing The Curtain & Bastions That Were Breached.” Tipu Sultan’s unprovoked attack on Travancore an ally of the British Raj was the last straw. The Governor-General Lord Charles Cornwallis demanded action, Tipu had to be restrained at all costs.

Lord Cornwallis, who himself took personal command because of the long series of reverses sustained by the British, decided to besiege Bangalore (now Bengaluru). When he first saw Bangalore it was little more than a fort, surrounded by a motley collection of villages. The fort was originally built of mud by a chieftain Kempe Gowda, in 1537.

It was Haider Ali who ordered the fort to be primarily rebuilt with stone. Oval in shape it was built into a formidable structure. With round towers, many bastions, and surrounded by a deep moat. Lord Cornwallis marched on to Bangalore with a large contingent of Indian and European troops from Vellore near Madras. Facing great difficulties on the way, however, Lord Cornwallis eventually saw the Fort of Bangalore before him. After a long-drawn battle, the British breached the fortress in March 1791 and took it into their custody. The same breached fortress is shown in this rare 1794 print. 

Did you know- the dismantling of the fortress began after the British took it over. Some buildings within the fort, including parts of Tipu Sultan’s palace, were demolished when they took it over. The dismantling continued even as late as the 1930s. 

From the collection- 1964 M. Suriyamoorthy Charcoal Art Abstract (#7)., Duke of Connaught Arriving Delhi Durbar – Old Photo 1902., Flood Scene In 19th Century Mumbai – Old Print 1868